Building The Basics Of A Concrete Foundation

The Importance Of A Concrete Foundation

The foundation of any building is critically important because it supports the entire structure.

Because the foundation serves as the base, the quality of the material and workmanship used must be of superior quality.

It does not matter if the foundation is for a road, a single-family home or a high-rise building. Laying out the foundation is a job for professional masonry contractors and/or engineers.

Types of Concrete Mixers

As its name suggests, a concrete mixer is a drum that is used to mix cement with water and other aggregates. Concrete mixers look different and are used for different sizes of concrete mixing jobs, but they are all basically the same: a rotating drum with a motor and a chute.

Concrete mixers run the gamut from huge commercial truck mixers mini concrete mixers that are portable. The cement mixture turns in the drum until it is ready for pouring.

Concrete Foundation Types

Basically, there are two major types of concrete foundations: concrete block and poured concrete. Block foundations are concrete blocks stacked and filled with cement.

Poured foundation, on the other hand, involve the setting up of concrete forms and filling them up with concrete. Usually, both types of foundations are reinforced with steel or other metals to improve the overall strength.

Buying and Using Concrete Tools

When completing various construction tasks, concrete tools are commonly used for placing, spreading and finishing concrete. Each task in your project involves the use of a different concrete tool in order to achieve the best results.

Concrete contractors are mainly equipped with concrete tools that are manually operated. These concrete tools do not rely on electricity or batteries to run.

Potential Problems With Concrete

Cracks are the enemy of concrete and it is always important to watch for the first sign of problems. Usually, if there is structural concern, concrete foundations will begin to crack within the first year of installation. Shrinkage or settling may be the culprit.

Water damage can also be a big problem. Concrete foundations must be properly drained and waterproofed with sealers that provide protection from moisture and sagging. Once the structure is built, it is difficult to do major work on the foundation.

Curing the Concrete

A concrete foundation requires at least seven days to cure, but it may take as much as sixty days or more for it to reach full strength.

Curing time is affected by the amount of moisture present in the foundation as well as general humidity. The dryer the area around the concrete, the better. Waterproof as much as possible. Obviously, do not pour concrete in the rain or if anticipating wet conditions.